Writer, Traveller, Playwright, Wife, Mother, Surfer

AC surf WM The Christie Archive Trust

Born in Torquay in 1890, Agatha Christie became, and remains, the best-selling novelist of all time.

She is best known for her 66 detective novels and 14 short story collections, as well as the world’s longest-running play – The Mousetrap. Her books have sold over a billion copies in the English language and a billion in translation.

Image © The Christie Archive Trust

What can I say at seventy-five? ‘Thank God for my good life, and for all the love that has been given to me.

Agatha Christie, An Autobiography

Christie's Life

The Early Years
1890 – 1916

The Early Years

Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller was born on 15 September 1890 in Torquay, Devon, South West England into a comfortably well off middle class family. What made her upbringing unusual, even for its time, was that she was home schooled largely by her father, an American. Her mother, Clara, who was an excellent storyteller, did not want her to learn to read until she was eight but Agatha, bored and as the only child at home (she was a much loved “afterthought” with two older siblings) taught herself to read by the age of five.

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Poirot is Born
1916 – 1924

Poirot is Born

It was during the First World War that Agatha turned to writing detective stories. Her debut novel The Mysterious Affair at Styles took some time to finish and even longer to find a publisher. She started writing partly in response to a bet from her sister Madge that she couldn’t write a good detective story and partly to relieve the monotony of the dispensing work which she was now doing. (When the Hospital opened a dispensary, she accepted an offer to work there and completed the examination of the Society of Apothecaries.) She first worked out her plot and then “found” her characters on a tram in Torquay. She finished the manuscript during her two week holiday which she spent at the Moorland Hotel at Haytor on Dartmoor. Her new found expertise in poisons was also put to good use. The murderer’s use of poison was so well described that when the book was eventually published Agatha received an unprecedented honour for a writer of fiction - a review in the Pharmaceutical Journal.

A Difficult Start
1925 – 1928

A Difficult Start

Once returned from the Grand Tour, the family were reunited and settled in a house they named Styles in the suburbs outside London. It was a difficult time for Agatha – her mother had died and she was often alone clearing out the family home in Torquay and struggling to write the next novel for Collins. Archie and Agatha’s relationship, strained by the sadness in her life, broke down when Archie fell in love with a fellow golfer and friend of the family, Nancy Neale. Archie was a keen golfer; Agatha not.

A New Start
1929 – 1938

A New Start

One of Agatha’s lifelong ambitions had been to travel on the Orient Express and her first journey took place in the autumn of 1928. Persuaded by a chance dinner party conversation, Agatha set off for Baghdad and from there travelled to the archaeological site at Ur where she became friends with the Woolleys who ran the dig. Invited back the following year she met the twenty-five year old archaeologist-in-training Max Mallowan who was to become her second husband. Asked by Katherine Woolley to show Agatha the sites, each found the other's company relaxing. Their relationship was forged by travel – Max could “rough it” and so could Agatha. Max proposed on the last evening of his visit to Agatha's family home of Ashfield, they were married on September 11th 1930 at St Cuthbert's Church in Edinburgh, and Agatha only slightly reduced her age in her new passport acquired for the honeymoon. Max returned to the Woolley’s dig – for the last time alone – and Agatha to London and writing. Thus began a productive and recurring annual writing and travelling routine for Agatha and Max: summers at Ashfield with Rosalind, Christmas with her sister’s family at Abney Hall, late autumn and spring on digs and the rest of the year in London and their country house in Winterbrook, on the edge of Wallingford, Oxfordshire.

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The War Years
1939 – 1945

The War Years

World War II saw Max get a wartime job in Cairo - using his languages to assist the war effort while Agatha remained in England, writing and also volunteering at the Dispensary at University College Hospital in London.

The Later Years
1946 – 1976

The Later Years

By 1945 and the return of Max with the end of the war, Agatha had realised the tax implications of writing so much. She became less prolific and now in her mid 50s enjoyed a slower pace of life; like the rest of the country the last years of the 40s were full of shortages – a long, chilly, depressing haul. Food rationing did not end until 1954.

Image © The Christie Archive Trust

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About Agatha Christie's Travels

Childhood and Adolescence Overseas
1895 – 1914

Childhood and Adolescence Overseas

When Agatha was five or six, her family’s difficult financial situation drove them to the more economical solution of renting out their Torquay home and spending time in various hotels in France. They stayed in the Pyrenees, Paris and Brittany, all of which proved formative for the young girl.

“The two winters and one summer that I spent in Paris were some of the happiest days I have ever known. All sorts of delightful things happened all the time.” An Autobiography

Agatha Christie in Paris, c1906/7 Image © The Christie Archive Trust

Setting Off on a Grand Tour
1914 – 1928

Setting Off on a Grand Tour

In 1914 Agatha married Archie Christie, and eight years later in 1922 they set sail on a 10-month voyage as part of a trade mission to promote the forthcoming British Empire Exhibition. They left Southampton at the end of January and did not return until December, but Agatha kept up a detailed weekly correspondence with her mother, describing in heart-warming and humorous detail the exotic places and people she encountered. Her personal reflections detail her wide-eyed delight at her new experiences. They also serve as an insight into travel and politics in the early 20th century.

Agatha Christie in Yanga, Australia 1922 Image © The Christie Archive Trust

The Orient Express and the Middle East
1928 – 1939

The Orient Express and the Middle East

The autumn of 1928 proved a turning point for Agatha after a chance meeting at a dinner party led her to book a journey alone on the legendary Orient Express.

“…one must do things by oneself sometime, mustn't one ?' I never had before - I didn't much want to now - but I thought: 'It's now or never. Either I cling to everything that's safe and that I know, or else I develop more initiative, do things on my own. And so it was that five days later I started for Baghdad.” Agatha Christie, An Autobiography

Agatha Christie at Innsbruck Station, Austria c1930 Image © The Christie Archive Trust

And Back to the Excavations
1947 – 1960

And Back to the Excavations

From the late 1940s until the end of the 1950s, Agatha and Max would spend each winter living and working at the site of Nimrud in Iraq, which they chose after living in Baghdad for five months (this period inspired 1950’s adventure novel They Came to Baghdad). While she slept in a tent like other members of the expedition, Agatha had a room set aside in the expedition house for writing. Here it was acknowledged that she should not be disturbed (although groups of tourists were desperate to see the famous author).

Agatha Christie with Sheik Abdullah at Nimrud, Iraq 1951 Image © The Christie Archive Trust

Both Business and Pleasure
1956 – 1976

Both Business and Pleasure

As well as the time spent in the Middle East, Agatha often travelled overseas for her own business purposes and holidays.

In 1956 Max was awarded a gold medal from the University of Pennsylvania; Agatha went with him and combined the trip with a visit to the set of Billy Wilder’s Witness for the Prosecution in Los Angeles. They also spent three days in the Grand Canyon.

After the publication of Ordeal by Innocence in 1958, Agatha and Max visited Barbados for a holiday. A gentleman in a wheelchair at the hotel provided inspiration for Mr Rafiel in the later novel A Caribbean Mystery, which transported Miss Marple to the fictional island of St Honoré – itself exhibiting influences from Barbados.

Agatha Christie accompanying Max on his lecture tour of India, c1960 Image © The Christie Archive Trust

100 Facts about Agatha Christie

Compiled by a team of Christie experts

Family Memories


Introducing Nima

Agatha Christie’s grandson Mathew Prichard shares insights about his grandmother’s life and stories.


The Guessing Game

Mathew recalls a memory of Agatha Christie reading the family A Pocket Full of Rye and everyone guessing who the murderer was.

Download the Agatha Christie reading list

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Agatha Christie: An Autobiography


From early childhood at the end of the 19th century, through two marriages and two World Wars, and her experiences both as a writer and on archaeological expeditions with her second husband, Max Mallowan, this book reveals the true genius of her legendary success with real passion and openness.

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